INTEGRITY AND CORRUPTION IN RURAL AREAS OF INDONESIA: RESULTS OF THE 2013 YOUTH INTEGRITY SURVEYWednesday, 21 May 2014 13:26:53 | Research | (0 view)
From year to year Indonesia’s Corruption Perception Index (CPI) score has not seen any significant increases. Rather, in 2013 Indonesia’s score stagnated, remaining at number 32. Indonesians seem to be losing faith in public institutions such as the police, the House of Representatives, and licencing bodies because of these institutions’ vulnerability to corruption. In addition to Indonesians becoming increasingly permissive towards corrupt practices, there is also doubt within Indonesian society as to whether an encounter with corruption ought to be reported. There are various reasons for this. Some do not know to whom they must report corruption, how to report it, or fear the consequences of reporting. Moreover, there is a great public mistrust of the ability and willingness of the institutions that receive the complaint to follow up on the matter. (Global Corruption Barometer 2013, Transparency International).
Corruption in Indonesia has become a deep-rooted socio-political problem. Systemic corruption has already entered political and social life both in rural and urban areas. Corruption is now so widespread that it can continue in the face of sporadic, unsystematic efforts at eradication. This system has become a habitat which supports the regeneration and perpetuation of corruption.
The youth form an important part of our society. Whether their actions and demeanour display integrity is very dependent upon their interactions with their family, peer-group, school and media as well as their daily life experiences. It is definitely not easy being a young person in Indonesia. Their commitment to integrity often collides with the socio- political reality that forces them to adopt a permissive and compromising attitude when faced with corrupt practices. On the other hand, we realise that young people have a strategic position in generating a clean society and government. The current failure to nurture youth integrity means we are also failing to end the cycle of corruption in this country.
In this context the Youth Integrity Survey was conducted by Transparency International Indonesia. Apart from being intended to give a factual picture about the state of youth integrity in the areas surveyed, through this research we also wish to convey our recommendations to all relevant parties so that we can overcome the problems facing youth integrity. Hopefully the results of this survey will be beneficial as a source of reflection for families, educational institutions and policy-makers in Indonesia.
Secretary General of Transparency International Indonesia