Jakarta, March 7, 2017 - Transparency International launched the Global Corruption Barometer (GCB). GCB is a portrait of corruption eradication performance based on public perception and experience in each country. The results show lawmakers across the region need to do much more to support whistleblowers; governments must keep promises to combat corruption, including their commitments to meet the Sustainable Development Goals.

Ending corruption would promote the establishment of Sustainable Development Goals. Millions of people in Indonesia can get out of poverty cycle if the money lost due to corruption is invested in sustainable development. That is why Sustainable Development Goals 16th (SDGs Goal 16) focuses on the creation of justice, stopping illicit financial flows, ending bribery and corruption.

"Corruption is still increasing in Indonesia; with government institutions such as the parliament, local government councilor, bureaucracy, tax official, and police perceived as corrupt institution," said Dadang Trisasongko, Secretary General of Transparency International Indonesia.

GCB 2017 survey conducted during July 2015 to January 2017. Transparency International surveyed nearly 22,000 households (≥ 18 years) in 16 countries in Asia Pacific. The question module was asked using face-to-face interview and/or phone call. In Indonesia, survey conducted to 1000 respondents spread proportionally across 31 provinces. Respondents were interviewed in mid April 26 to June 27 2016, with limit of experience and perception within the last 12 months.

The results in Indonesia indicated that corruption is still going on in public service sector administered by the state. When interacting with public services, more than a third people had to pay bribe. Police is public service with the highest bribe, followed by the administration and registration sectors.

Compared with other Asia Pacific countries, people in Indonesia were most positive about governments’ efforts, with over a half saying they were doing well. Over the past three years, people’ experiences with public services showed improvement.

 "The government should do more in enabling governance that is not prone to corruption, and ensure people can actively oversee," said Dadang Trisasongko.

In the other hand, bad news comes from legislature both at national and local levels. Level of corruption in this institution still highly rated, these ratings consistently put the legislature as the most corrupt institution, at least during the last three years. This could happen due two (2) things: first, the number of corruption cases involving members of local legislative (DPRD) and national level (DPR). Second, performance of the legislature in basic functions (such as legislative, budgetary, supervision) as well as combating corruption in its internal is not optimal. Even lately, DPR was keen to revise the Law about Corruption Eradication Commission.

People said that the most important effort to fight corruption is refuse to pay bribe. However, one in five of them feel powerless to help fighting corruption. More than thirty percent do not report corruption cases because afraid of the consequences they would be received.

Therefore, Transparency International Indonesia recommends:
1)    There should be more efforts to improve system of political institutions, especially national (DPR) and local parliament (DPRD). Political institutions need to formulate anti-corruption strategy to strengthen political accountability and improved performance. Formulation of ethic standards is to reduce the risk of corruption, including in political parties. Political parties governance, as the key point of democracy, needs to be addressed in line with efforts to combat corruption. Integrity system and regeneration system of political parties, which will contribute in the legislature, become frontline in upholding value of integrity and anti-corruption.

2)    Bureaucracy reform that is echoed by the government should be followed by efforts to improve recruitment system of state officials with integrity and free from any conflict of interest. Thus, bureaucracy become more transparent, participatory, accountable, and have integrity in providing excellent service to the people.

3)    The government needs to disseminate public complaint channel more effective by ensuring that complaints handling procedures are fast, responsive, easy and affordable. “Saber Pungli” initiatives need to be encouraged, not only at technical level, but also bring awareness to the bureaucracy that anti-corruption values are internalized in each official. In line with this, in terms of society, the government needs to reinforce protection for whistleblower/witness/victim. They have to assure that the process is guaranteed and dissociated from counterproductive actions (such as criminalization, etc.). []

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