Taking the momentum of the upcoming Open Government Partnership (OGP) Asia Pacific Regional Conference in Nusa Dua, Bali on May 6-7, 2014, we, 183 representatives of civil society organizations coming from 31 Asia Pacific countries and  beyond came together on the Civil Society Day in Nusa Dua on May 4, 2014 to discuss key issues relating to the OGP.

We acknowledge that the OGP is a new multilateral initiative that aims to secure concrete commitments from governments to promote transparency, empower citizens, fight corruption, and harness news technologies to strengthen governance. These commitments respond to four key values: transparency, accountability, participation and innovation. 

We honor and support the spirit of OGP and efforts to create openness of government, engaging civil society and giving space to reformers and innovators as key actors of democracy, good governance and development.

Having considered the progress and achievements OGP so far, we considered the three following issues to be relevant and timely for consideration by the Chair and co-Chair, Steering Committee, and OGP country members: First, the importance and need for establishing, expanding and consolidating civic space; Second, that the formulation of the Post-2015 agenda including sustainable development goals and the fundamental needs to incorporate good governance; and third, the need for OGP to establish and maintain a civil society participation mechanism and standard for compliance with OGP’s values.

We call on the chair and co-chair to give special attention to the above mentioned issues. These issues and recommendations are explained below:

A. Civic Space

In some democratic states, civil society space has been closed or severely restricted.  Civil society space should be guaranteed and promoted in all OGP countries through the relevant legal framework, institutional arrangements and decision-making practices.  

Therefore, we call on: 

  • OGP country members to extend the open data program to cover both government and private sectors.
  • OGP country members to ensure the provison of infrastructure for communication especially for vulnerable groups, including person with disabilites, indigenous people, LGBT groups, and women.
  • OGP country members to establish and ensure the implementation of laws that recognize freedom of expression, association and assembly, freedom of information, whistleblower protection and remove restrictions and controls on civil society organizations.
  • OGP country members to establish laws that provide opportunities for civil society to participate in decision making processes and oversee their implementation.
  • Civil society leaders in OGP country members to claim their legitimate space in decision making processes and oversee their implementation . 

B. Governance in Post-2015 Development Agenda

We take the position that good governance [T1] should be a standalone goal in the Post-2015 agenda. Good governance as a standalone goal will lead to the development of the necessary indicators and targets to measure government bodies in their performance of being efficient, open, transparent, accountable and effective institutions. Placing governance as a cross-cutting theme diminishes its importance, whereas, its position as a standalone goal will highlight it as a critical component to sustainable development.

As OGP country members, there is an obligation to support good governance as a standalone goal in the Post-2015 agenda. In doing so, OGP country members will fulfill their mandate by setting forth the steps necessary to ensure full respect of the right to freedom of expression and information, transparency, and accountability worldwide. By endorsing good governance as a standalone goal, the OGP will ensure the effectiveness of public institutions internationally, and set a framework to enhance inclusive and meaningful public participation in decision-making processes, all of which will lead to and reinforce the sustainable development that we all seek. 

Therefore, we call on:

  • The OGP Chair and country members to support good governance as a standalone goal in the Post-2015 agenda. 
  • The OGP Steering Committee to release a formal letter to OGP country members to support governance as a stand-alone topic in the Post-2015 agenda. 
  • The Asia Pacific leaders to start incorporating governance goals, targets, and indicators into their national planning, and to ensure that OGP country members are actively working towards achieving the targets.

C. Country mechanism/compliance

Many OGP country members are yet to embrace the full extent of partnership in advocating OGP values at country level mechanism. The poor quality of participation has resulted in the low impact of country commitments for their people. We believe that future improvement of OGP in terms of partnership can be achieved if all stakeholders are committed in realizing the following recommendations:

Therefore, we call on:

  • Country members to ensure that their commitments are specific, strong, and enable deeper transparency at the national and sub-national levels, in line with the international level. Countries shall set clear outcome indicators agreed by government and civil society for each commitment and shall ensure the sustainability of those commitments. Countries shall consider the varying domestic circumstances and ensure that the release of information through modern infrastructure such as the internet or mobile phones, does not leave behind the disadvantage and marginalized people who are not under the coverage of such modern infrastructure.
  • Country members to set standards of governance at the national level. Countries shall create a platform in which there is equal representation from government and civil society. The non-involvement of civil society in the making and implementation of country commitments should be considered as a violation of OGP values. Each OGP country member should make clear and explicit mechanisms to facilitate civil society consultation in the making, implementing and monitoring of Action Plan, and together with civil society, establish a mechanism to enable equal position in decision making. Countries should elaborate, in their self-assessment, the nature of multi-stakeholder consultation, as mandated by OGP requirements.
  • Country members to take into account performance on human rights as stipulated in the OGP Declaration. Country members shall demonstrate, in their self-assessment report, that they have taken sufficient measures to guarantee their citizens’ ability to exercise their rights to access information and participate freely, by effective implementation of Access to Information laws, protecting whistle blowers, as well as ensuring adequate response to laws/provisions that have the potential to violate the access to information of their citizens. The Steering Committee must take a holistic approach on country compliance, taking into account not just the Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM), but also, other independent reports on violations of OGP values.[]

Participants of the Civil Society Day,

CSO Day May 4, 2014 – Bali

No

ORGANIZATION

 

Organisers/Facilitators

1

Transparency International - Indonesia (TII)- Coordinator

2

MediaLink – Vice Coordinator

3

Pusat Telaah dan Informasi Regional (PATTIRO) – Member

4

International NGO Forum on Indonesian Development (INFID) - Member

5

Sekretariat Nasional Forum Indonesia untuk Transparansi Anggaran (SEKNAS FITRA) Member

6

Indonesian Center for Environmental Law (ICEL) – Member

7

Sloka Institute – Member

 

 

 

CSO Participants

8

Indonesia Corruption Watch (ICW)

9

Prakarsa

10

Transparency International - Australia

11

GESOC

12

Ford Foundation

13

NCPRI

14

World Wide Web Foundation

15

National Campaign for Peoples Right to Information, India

16

AMAN Indonesia

17

Swandiri Institute

18

Indonesia Budget Center (IBC)

19

Thai Netizen Network

20

PWYP Indonesia

21

Aliansi Jurnalis Independen

22

Transparency International - Nepal

23

Land in Our Hands

24

Myanmar Positive Group

25

Open Society Foundation - Myanmar

26

Information First Nepal

27

Lembaga Penelitian Psikologi (LPPSi)

28

Lingkar Studi Sosial dan Advokasi Rakyat (LASKAR) Batang

29

Pusat Studi Konstitusi (PUSAKO) Sumatera Barat

30

Transparency International - Philippines

31

Jawa Pos Pro Autonomy (JPIP)

32

FITRA JATIM

33

Pattiro - FOINI

34

Human Rights Watch Group (HRWG) - Indonesia

35

OKFM

36

Perkumpulan untuk Pemilu dan Demokrasi (Perludem)

37

Masyarakat Pemantau Peradilan Indonesia (MaPPI)

38

LPI PBJ Banjarbaru

39

Australian Indonesian Youth Association

40

Open Society Forum

41

Civil Society Forum for Paeace

42

Open Knowledge China

43

Prasetya Mulya School of Business & Economics

44

Transparency International - South Korea

45

Parlemen Muda Indonesia

46

Economic Research Center

47

Masyarakat Transparansi Aceh (MATA)

48

Better Life

49

Global South Initiative & Post-2015

50

YAPPIKA

51

Transparency International South Korea

52

Lembaga Pengembangan Masyarakat Swamandiri (Lembaga Gemawan) Kalimantan Barat

53

Open Knowledge Foundation Japan

54

Local Resource Centre

55

Transparency International - Bangladesh

56

Sinergantara

57

ANSA-EAP

58

Engage Media Nepal

59

Institute for Education development, Social, Religious and Cultural Studies (INFEST)

60

Komite Peralihan Agraria (KPA)

61

ANSA East Asia Pacific

62

Transparency International Papua New Guinea

63

Public Services Labor Independent Confederation (PSLINK)

64

Bojonegoro Institute

65

Code-NGO

66

Transparency International

67

Article 19

68

Center for Indonesia Taxasion Analysis

69

Institut TIFA Damai Maluku

70

Malaysian Centre for Constitutionalism and Human Rights (MCCHR)

71

Women Organization Network

72

Sex Workers Network in Myanmar

73

Freedom Forum

74

The Access Initiative Global Netwokr

75

Advocacy and Policy Institute

76

Kalimantan Huma Hijau Institute (KH2 Institute)

77

Indonesian Institute for Independent Judiciary

78

Oil Worker Rights Protection Organization

79

Philippines Center for Investigative Journalism

80

JARI - Kalimantan Tengah

81

Making All Voice Count

82

Bandung Institute of Governance Studies (BIGS)

83

Open Society Foundation Malaysia

84

Incibbon

85

Malaysian Centre for Constitutionalism and Human Rights (MCCHR)

86

Luta Hamutuk Institute

87

KPRK Blitar

88

IESR

89

KOPEL Makassar

90

Gerakan Anti Korupsi Aceh (GERAK Aceh)

91

Media Link

92

Pyoe Pin Programme, DFID

93

Open Society Foundation Pakistan

94

Transparency International - Vietnam

95

IESR

96

Serikat Buruh Migran Indonesia (SBMI)

97

Indonesian Institute for Independent Judiciary

98

MASS

99

SPECTRUM (SDKN)

100

Sekretariat Nasional JARI Indonesia

101

Procurement Law Academic Network (PLAN)

102

Pusat Telaah dan Informasi Regional (PATTIRO) Banten

103

PIAR NTT

104

Transparency International - Cambodia

105

Perkumpulan Inisiatif

106

Twaweza

107

OKFN

108

Save the Children

109

Sustainable Development Foundation ( SDF)

110

Affiliated Network for Social Accountability in East Asia and the Pacific (ANSA-EAP)

111

The YP Foundation

112

Penpol Muda Garut

113

PSHK

114

Revenue Watch Institute

115

Indonesia Budget Center (IBC)

116

Transparency International - Malaysia

117

Pyoe Pin

118

National Youth Congress

119

Cooperation Committee for Cambodia and Beyond 2015

120

CCC - Cambodia

121

Transparency International - Thailand

122

Hivos Foundation

123

COMFREL

124

88 Peace and Open Society

125

STT

126

Environics Trust

127

Indonesia Mengajar

128

IRE Yogya

129

Walhi Bali

130

Transparency International - New Zealand

131

Ateneo School of Government

132

Sustainable Development Knowledge Network (Spectrum)

133

Public Affair Management Committee Upper House Parliament

134

Perkumpulan IDEA

135

MC4T

136

Fitra Riau

137

Global Btap

138

Open Government Institute

139

Migrant Care

140

IDEAS

141

Pusat Telaah dan Informasi Regional (PATTIRO) Semarang

142

Luta Hamutuk Institute

 

 

 

Non CSO Participants/Donor/etc.

143

OGP Support Unit

144

OGI

145

OGP

146

Kemitraan (Partnership for Governance Reform)

147

TIFA Foundation

148

Hivos Foundation

149

Omidyar Network

150

MSI

151

USAID - JPIP

152

USAID DG Office

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 [T1] Governance can be a theme or a topic, but it cannot be a goal. The goal must be good governance.